Neuro Spine Surgery, sometimes referred to as neurological surgery or neurosurgery, focuses on the identification, avoidance, and treatment of diseases that can damage any component of the nervous system. The extra-cranial cerebrovascular system, peripheral nerves, the brain, and the spinal cord comprise the nervous system. Neuro spine surgery is a procedure used to treat conditions and wounds to the spinal cord. The technique relieves spinal cord discomfort and restores the function of the nerves that were inhibited. Through this technique, disorders affecting the lower back and neck are also fixed.

Neuro and spinal surgery types

  • Spinal cord and neurological disorders
  • intricate spinal surgery
  • Neck and back surgery with minimally invasive methods
  • Gamma Knife
  • Pituitary and skull-base tumours
  • Orthogonal radiosurgery
  • Management of Pain
  • Stimulation of the Deep Brain (DBS)
  • Spinal Decompression Therapy for Rehabilitation (IDD)
  • Throat Neuralgia
  • Disorders of the Vascular Brain
  • Arnold Chiari Malformation/Hydrocephalus
  • Disc illness
  • invasive procedures
  • open procedures and other types of intervention
  • skeletal abnormalities
  • vertebral dysraphism
  • Reconstruction and fixation of the spine
  • surgical pain relief
  • care for spinal trauma
  • Surgical vertebroplasty

Conditions that Neuro Spine Surgery Can Treat

Conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, and extracranial cerebrovascular system are all treated by neuro spine surgery. In neuro-spine surgery, many techniques that target certain disorders are used.

Numerous procedures can be done by neuro-spinal experts to treat painful symptoms, realign the spine, and restore damaged spinal tissues. The spinal cord, nerves, ligaments, vertebrae, and discs between them can all have unhealthful anomalies that can be treated by spine surgery. The cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral regions of the spine as well as the surrounding tissues can all be treated with it. A few of the criteria are:

  • Fractures
  • Spinal and brain tumours
  • Dystrophic disc disease
  • spinal stenosis in the lower back
  • spinal disc disease in the neck
  • Scoliosis
  • a sore neck
  • Pain from a hernia
  • Infection
  • spinal stenosis in the lower back
  • a lower back ache
  • surgical pain relief
  • care for spinal trauma

Operative Techniques in Neuro Spine Surgery

  • Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion, or ALIF
  • Fusion with Anterior Cervical Discectomy
  • Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy
  • Discectomy using a decompressor
  • Endoscopic Release of the Carpal Tunnel
  • Electrothermal Therapy for the Intradiscum (IDET)
  • Kyphoplasty
  • Laminectomy
  • cervical laminectomy with fusion
  • Radiofrequency Lumbar Neurotomy
  • Lumbar Microdecompression with Minimal Invasiveness
  • The least-invasive TLIF (Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion)
  • Stimulating the Spinal Cord (Paddle Lead)
  • Implantable Spinal Cord Stimulator
  • Replacement of all discs
  • Vertebroplasty

Every Elective Craniectomy

Having a craniotomy requires surgery. In this procedure, the skull’s bone flap is partially cut away to reveal the brain. The temporary bone flap that was removed after surgery is subsequently restored. Any section of the skull’s bone flap is removed during an elective craniotomy. A frontal craniotomy is the procedure used to remove the frontal bone flap.

Incorporating implant, all intradural spinal surgeries

All intradural spinal operations, including implant surgeries, include all spinal procedures done to treat conditions affecting the spinal nerve or spinal cord. Additionally included are techniques like instrumented spine fusion surgery and spinal fusion surgery.

Every microscopic procedure, including implant

In India, almost all neurologists employed an operational microscope. The best illumination, optics, and zoom features are available with these newest models of microscopes. For convenience and accuracy, the controls on the microscope are motorized. There are several therapies involved in this, such as stereotactic surgery and neuro navigation.

Injury to the brachial plexus and stereotactic procedures

The stereotactic approach is used by neurosurgeons to accurately insert a needle one millimeter into a very tiny lesion or tumour. Procedures including nerve transfer, nerve transplant, and muscle transfer techniques are frequently used to treat brachial plexus injuries.

Brain cancer

For the treatment of brain tumours, radiation therapy, surgery, or chemotherapy are frequently recommended. The therapy for brain tumours relies on a variety of variables. Some of these include the tumour’s size, location, and location.

Brain tumour removal

For patients with parotid cancers, tumour removal is truly miraculous. There is no question that the therapy is quite successful. The parotid gland is removed during a minimally invasive operation for brain tumour excision through the nose, mouth, or a tiny incision in the skull.

Excision of a brain tumour skull base

Brain tumour removal Treatment for tumours in the skull base is known as skull base. In minor cases, a biopsy may assist to eliminate the tumour. However, in extreme situations, a craniotomy is performed in addition to the removal of the tumours. A craniotomy is a procedure that temporarily removes a portion of the skull to allow access to the brain.

Abscess aspiration with a burr-hole

A burr-hole is drilled into the skull during this simple procedure. The pus is then drained after that.

A persistent subdural hematoma

A persistent subdural hematoma is a disorder where blood builds up between the surface of the brain and its outermost layer. Major surgery is advised in cases with serious conditions. It entails suction or irrigation as well as craniotomy. However, in less severe circumstances, a tiny catheter is inserted during surgery for a subdural hematoma through a hole created in the skull. The hematoma is then suctioned out after that.


Stimulation of the Deep Brain

Patients with Tourette syndrome, Parkinson’s disease, obsessive-compulsive disorder, significant depression, and persistent pain are advised to undergo deep brain stimulation. Additionally, a neurostimulator is placed during this operation. Specific areas of the brain receive the electrical impulses through the implanted electrodes.


The discectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the herniated disc that is compressing the spinal cord and nerve root. Prolapsed discs or herniated discs are frequent symptoms.


Making a tiny skin incision allows the bone cement to be injected into the damaged vertebra as part of the therapy. The procedure is incredibly effective in reducing back discomfort brought on by vertebral compression fractures.


Laminectomy, also known as decompression surgery, is a medical procedure that includes removing the lamina, the rear portion of the vertebra that covers the spinal canal. By enlarging the spinal canal, the technique relieves pressure on the spinal nerves.


The meniscus is a cartilaginous structure that is located in the joint and has the form of a crescent. Meniscectomy, then, is a surgical procedure that involves removing all or a portion of the damaged meniscus.

Microdiscectomies of the Lumbar and Cervical Discs

Micro-discectomy for cervical and lumbar discs is a minimally invasive procedure that includes removing herniated cervical and lumbar discs.


Microdiscectomy is the name of a surgical procedure that includes removing a portion of the ruptured disc. During the procedure, a laser or a unique surgical device is utilised.

Neurosurgical procedures on peripheral nerves

Patients with tumours, peripheral nerve damage, or other conditions affecting the nerves that connect the spinal cord and brain to various regions of the body are advised to have peripheral nerve surgery

Lumbar and cervical disc disease revision surgery

It has been shown that patients who have lumbar or cervical disc operations frequently continue to experience back pain as a result of nerve injury. In certain situations, a second or third back operation may be advised to remedy the first procedure.


Surgery for scoliosis or thoracoplasty comprises the procedure to decrease the rib hump. In this procedure, rods are utilised to lessen the curvature.

Spinal Fusion, Level 2.

Patients who endure significant pain at both levels of the spine may benefit from a two-level spinal fusion. Two or more spine bones are fused together during this procedure, rendering them immovable.

Level 1 Spinal Fusion

One-level spinal fusion is a technique that unites two vertebral discs.

Decompression, fusion, and arthroplasty of the spine

In cases of extreme circumstances, a combination of the techniques is employed to ease the symptoms. Arthroplasty and decompression may be performed together with spinal fusion. A bone from the pelvic bone is removed and used as a bridge between the vertebrae as part of the procedure. For individuals with aberrant spinal curvatures, fractures, or spinal arthritis, spinal fusion is advised. So, in essence, an arthroplasty is a joint reconstruction surgery.

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Trans-sphenoidal procedures

The trans-sphenoid procedure involves surgery. Pituitary tumours are removed using this method. During the process, the endoscope or surgical instrument is introduced into the brain through sphenoid bone and nose.


Procedures for VP Shunt or CSF Shunt

In order to treat hydrocephalus, which is characterized by an accumulation of extra cerebrospinal fluid in the brain’s ventricles, VP Shunt or CSF Shunt Procedures are employed. Shunting of the ventriculoperitoneal involves making a different route. To drain extra cerebrospinal fluid, it is employed.


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